Montezuma Castle National
Archeologists consider the Verde Valley as a place where at least 4 prehistoric cultures intermingled. Montezuma Castle National Monument preserves the remains of at least two of the cultures that once prospered here.
The first permanent settlers in the valley were the Hohokam. They were farmers arrived and arrived in the area around 600 AD. They lived in one-room houses made of poles, sticks and mud. They irrigated their crops of corn, beans and squash from crevices in limestone rocks which carried water from nearby Beaver Creek and Montezuma Well. A semi-subterranean dwelling near Montezuma Well is the only Hohokam house on display in the National Park Service system.
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Official NPS home page for Montezuma Castle National Monument